Psoriasis, a chronic skin disease, affects more than 6.7 million men and women. Psoriasis occurs beneath the surface of the skin before skin cells mature and piles up in a result of thick scaly skin. This can occur on skin all over the body and also affects the fingernails, the toenails, the tissue of the genitals and inside the mouth. Patches of thick skin, also known as plaques, are discomforting to those with Psoriasis as the disease causes itching and a sore feeling. Also, because people affect may feel self-conscience about their appearance the psychological distress can lead to depression and isolation. The plaques can prevent individuals from working, playing sports and caring for family members. Medical care is expensive and can interfere with the work and school schedules.
- There are several forms of Psoriasis, for example:
- Plaque psoriasis where skin lesions are red at the base and covered by silvery scales
- Pustular psoriasis where blisters of noninfectious pus appear on the skin.
- Erythrodermic psoriasis where the disease causes a widespread reddening and scaling of the skin may be a reaction from a sunburn
Psoriasis is caused by the body’s immune system disruptively mistakes T-cells and become overly active triggering a response which lead to inflammation and skin pile up or rapid turnover of skin cells. Psoriasis is not contagious though the disease is linked to genetics or family genes. Psoriasis is treated by doctors depending upon the complication and severity of the disease. Researchers are studies various avenues to learn how skin cells form, the variations in genes, what causes pain and inflammation and what other health risk a person may have associated with psoriasis. If you have any questions or concerns about psoriasis and treatments please consult with your personal physician or dermatologist.
Article reference: What is Psoriasis